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Classification & external resources
Esophagitis (or Oesophagitis) is inflammation of the esophagus.
The most common cause is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If caused by GERD, the diseases is also called reflux esophagitis.
Other causes of esophagitis include:
- infections (most commonly candida, herpes simplex and cytomegalovirus). These infections are typically seen in immunocompromised people, such as those with HIV.
- Food allergies have also been known to cause esophagitis
- Chemical injury by alkaline or acid solutions may also cause esophagitis, and is usually seen in children or in adults who attempt suicide.
- Physical injury resulting from radiation therapy or by nasogastric tubes may also be responsible.
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